Thursday, February 15, 2018

active and passive voice practice test


active and passive voice
active and passive voice practice test

passive voice definition with examples
A significant part of the active Voice language is active inactive When the subject is given priority sentence in the subject case. these sentences are called Active voice. And when you are given priority to Object, then these sentences are called Passive voice.
John does this work (It is an arbitrator prince) Here is

active and passive voice examples with rules

Active and passive voice examples with rules:   You know that subject are two types First  Living things and Second non-living things
1. When we use Living things  or  doer as a subject, then Makes a Sentence Active Voice
2. When we use non-living things as a subject, then Makes a Sentence Passive Voice
हिंदी में कर्ता  दो प्रकार के होते है १ जीवित कर्ता  २ निर्जीव कर्ता,  जब जीवित कर्ता  को हम सब्जेक्ट बनाते है तब Active Voice  होता है  और निर्जीव कर्ता  को सब्जेक्ट बनाते तब Passive Voice बनता है। 

John writes a letter   Here we see Johan is a Subject  ( Living things, doer ) This is an active Voice
A letter is written by Johan  Here we see A letter is a Subject ( Non-living things) This is a passive Voice
John, who is a doer of work

modal auxiliary verbs exercises
active and passive elements what are active and passive elements[/caption]
  1. Use the passive voice to focus on the person or things affected by an action.
  2.  Form the passive by using a form of " be" and a past participle.
  3.  Only verbs that have an object can have a passive voice form. with verbs that have two objects, either object can be the subject of the passive
How to Use of (Person) Pronoun In Active To Passive
 active and passive elements


(a) Inactive voice, a sentence begins with a subject (They, The teacher) sentence
(b) In a passive voice, a sentence begins with an object (The work, The boy) sentences
However, sentences only with transitive verbs admit of Passive Expressions. Now study the following sentences (v) Ilya came here. (vi) Father is going out.
The verbs ‘come, go’ are intransitive because these verbs do not have objects. The effect of the action does not pass over to any object. Therefore, these verbs are called intransitive. Since they are not used with object, they do not admit of Passive
Therefore, before making a sentence, a student must note carefully whether the sentence is beginning with subject or object.
How to Make a Passive Voice?
(a) The passive voice of an active voice is formed by using the verb ‘to be’. However, the original active verb must be converted into Past Participle.
(b) An object may be placed before the verb in passive expression.

Aassive voice examples simple present

1 Present Indefinite Active voice का स्ट्रक्चर निम्न प्रकार का होता है।

Object + be (is am are + being  +verb therd form) + by Subject  


D. Present Indefinite-is, am, are

1. Present Indefinite Tense 
Active Subject + (Verb)1/(Verb)5 + Object

Passive Subject + is/am /are + (Verb)3+ by + Object , , (Objective Case) . (SubjectiveC Case)

(1') She Is taught English daily by her class teacher. 
(ii) I am often invited to attend party by my friends 
(iii) Elections are held every five years.

E. Past Indefinite-was, were Active Subject + (Verb)2+ Object 

Passive Subject + 3;: +(Verb)3+ by + Object 

(Objective Case) (Subjective Case) (1) She was punished for her negligence. (11) Both the friends were selected for senior hockey team. 

F. Perfect (Present, Past, Future)---been 

Active Subject + has/ have + (Verb)3 + Object

 Passive Subject + has/ have + been +(Verb)3+ by + Object (Objective Case) (Subjective Case)

 Active Subject + had + (Verb)3+ Object .

 Passive Subject + had + been + (Verb)3+ by + Object (Objective Case) (Subjective Case) 

Active Subject + will/ shall + have + (Verb)3+ Object ’

 Passive Subject + will/shall + have been + by + (Verb)3 + Object (Objective Case) (Subjective Case) 

 (i ) He has just been elected as a member of the Committee.

 (ii) She had already been admitted to hospital. 
(iii) My friend will have been married by now. 

G. Continuous (Present, Past)--being . ' Active Subject + is/ am/ are + (Verb). +‘ ing + Object Passive Subject + is/ am / are+ being 47 (Verb)3+ by + object .1 (Objective Case) , (Subjective Case) 

Active Subject + was/were + (Verb) + ing + Object 

Passive Subject + was/ were + being + (Verb)3+ by+Object ' (Objective Case) , (SUbjective Case) 

(i) The match is being telecast now. 

(ii) The match was being telecast yesterday. 

H. Participle/Gerund-being 

(i) Nobody likes being cheated. 

(ii) The murderer escaped being hanged. 
(iii) I saw her being taken to hospital. 

Future continuous and perfect continuous tenses do not admit of passive voice expressions.

Some Hints on Making Passive Voice

(I) The objects used in the following sentences are used With verbs which do  not agree with the common rules of verbs.

Study thefbllowing sentences

(1') He gave me spectacles. 

Spectacles were given to me by him. 
(17} They play Billiards. 
Billiards is played by them. , 
In these sentences the noun ‘spectacles’ is followed by plural verb and ‘Billiards by Singular verb. Students should take note of such misleading nouns.

[ii) Study carefully the rise of interrogative pronoun While changing active sentences into passive. ‘

‘Which, What’ etc are placed as they are . 

However, When ‘What/Which’ is used as a subject, it is changed into 

‘By What’. BUt ‘Who’ is changed into ‘By whom’ and ‘Whom’ is changed into ‘Who’. (2') What are you writing? What is being written by you? (ii) What makes you angry? By What are you made angry? (iii) Who teaches you English? By whom are you taught English? Or Who are you taught Bninésh by? 

(iv) Whom are you teaching?
 Who is being taught by you?

(v) Which girl helped you?

 By which girl were you helped?

(III) (a) When the ' subjects are indefinite/ vague pronoun  or understood noun, It is not necessary to use them in passive voice as somebody.

(i) Somebody has picked my pocket. 

My pocket has beed picked. 
(ii) They will declare the result soon.
The result will be declared soon. 

(b) Sentences beginnin with negative  indefinite pronouns are converted into negtative. 

For example
(i) Nobody can Chgggedestiny.

Destiny cannot be changed.

(ii) None saw her in the‘ parlour.

 She was not seen in the parlour.

(IV) When principle clause is followed by Noun clause as object the passive voice is made as follows.

(1') People consider that he‘is honest.

 It is considered that he is honest.

(ii) We hope that he will pass.

 It is hoped that he will pass.

Study these verbs carefully which are followed by Noun clause as object ‘consider, believe, understand, suspect, report, say, claim, know, expect, allege, find’, learn, require, suppose (appear, seem).

(V) Verbs with two Objects Sometimes verbs are used with two objects in active

voice sentences. Passive Voice can be made thh either of the ob]ects. .

(1’) He gave me a pen. 

 (a) I was given a pen by him.

(b) A pen was given to me by him.

(VI) By is not used with certain verbs when making a passive voice, Instead

we use at, with, in, to etc.

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