Class 10 English Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela Solution
- Class 10 English Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela Solution -10 th Class NCERT and CBSE Book Solutions English First Flight Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom · by Nelson Rolihahla Mandela
1. Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public Buildings in India that are made of sandstone?
Ans. The ceremonies took place in the sandstone ampitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. The Red Fort and the India Gate are the buildings made of sand stone.
2. Can you say how may 10th is an autumn day in South Africa?
Ans. 10 th May is an autumn day in South Africa due to its location an earth. It is the beginning of the winter. On this day Nelson Mandela took Oath as the first black president of South Africa.
3. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions ‘an extraordinary human disaster’. What does he mean by this? What is the ‘glorious … human achievement he speaks of at the end?
Ans. He means that the black people of South Africa have been the victim of system of Apartheid. It was a man made disaster. He speaks the freedom of his people from oppression glorious human achievement.
4. What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?
Ans. Mandela thanks the international leaders for having come at the occassion of South Africa’s liberty and accepting it as an independent republic.
5. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?
Ans. He sets the ideal that his country will never experience the oppression of one by another
6. What do the military general do how has their attitude change and why?
Ans. The military generals saluted Mandela and pledged their loyalty. Previously they have arrested him. But their attitude has changed as Mr. Mandela has become the president of South Africa.
7.Why were two National anthems sung?
Ans. The public of South Africa consists of white and black people. Each group sang its own anthem.
3. How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?
Ans (i) In the first decade of the 20th century their was a system of racial domination against the black people. It was the most inhumane system.
(ii) In the last decade of the same century that system had been replaced by a system that recognised the rights and freedom of all people.
8. What does courage mean to Mandela?
Ans. For Mandela courage was not the absence of fear but the triumph over it.
9. Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?
Ans. To love is natural in human being.
10.What twin obligations’ does Mandela mention?
Ans. One obligation is to one’s family, parents, wife and children. The second obligation is to his people, community and country.
11. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms’ with ‘the basic and honourable freedoms?
Ans. As a boy freedom for Mandela was to run in the fields, to swim in the stream running through his village, to ride the bulls. As a student freedom for Mandela was to stay out at night, to read what he pleased and to go where he chose. These were only transitory freedom. Later he realised that he wanted the basic freedom and honourable freedom of achieving his potential, earning his keep, marrying and having a family.
12. Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?
Ans. Mandela thinks that the oppressor is not free because he is the prisoner of hatred. He is locked up by prejudice and narrow – mindedness.
THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
1. Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?
Ans. The independence of South Africa was important event in many ways. It has become a sovereign republic. All the countries of the world had accepted South Africa as an independent country. So leaders of more than 140 countries around the world attended the inauguration. It signifies a common victory for justice, peace and human dignity.
2. What does Mandela mean when he says he is ‘simply the sum of all those African patriots’ who had gone before him?
Ans. Many patriots before Mandela had sacrificed their lives for the cause of justice and freedom. They all had common cause. Finally freedom was achieved. Mandela became the first black president of South Africa. It was the result of the sacrifice of many people. So Mandela says that he was simply the sum of all those Africans patriots who had gone before him.
3. Would you agree that the ‘depths of oppression’ create ‘heights of character’? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?
Ans. Yes we agree that the ‘depths of oppression’ create ‘heights of character’. Man becomes pure after suffering. Mandela illustrates this by giving examples of South African patriots who had become extraordinarily courageous, wise and generous as they had undergone the depths of oppression. We have the examples of Indian freedom fighters who suffered a lot at the hands of Brithish. They passed years in prisions in inhuman conditions. But finally they emerged as pure and strong people.
4. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?
Ans. In his childhood Mandela thought that freedom is to run in the fields, to swim in the stream, and ride the broad backs of slow moving bulls. The laws of man or God did not matter to him. This conception of freedom changed with the age and experience. As a student he wanted only the freedom for himself. He wanted the freedom to pass the night out, road what he liked and go wherever he chose. It was only in his young age when he recognised the basic and honourable freedom of achieving his potential, of earning his keep, of marrying and having a family. Now he wanted the freedom not only for himself but also for his fellow men.
5. How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?
Ans. Mandela’s conception of freedom changed with the age and experience. His hunger for freedom of himself become the hunger for freedom of his fellow people. This hunger for freedom changed Mandela from a frightened youngman into a bold one. He became a homeless from a family loving husband. He was forced to live a life like a monk. He had realised the true meaning of freedom.
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